Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. Adults with mild intellectual disability ID experience stressful social interactions and often utilize maladaptive coping strategies to manage these interactions. We investigated the specific types of Active and Avoidant coping strategies reported by adults with mild ID to deal with stressful social interactions. Open-ended responses to a sentence stem task were coded into five dimensions of Active and Avoidant coping.
What is Intellectual Disability?
Intellectual Disability Signs & Symptoms | Detroit Behavioral Institute
Intellectual disability ID , also known as general learning disability  and formerly mental retardation MR ,   is a generalized neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by significantly impaired intellectual and adaptive functioning. It is defined by an IQ under 70 , in addition to deficits in two or more adaptive behaviors that affect everyday, general living. Adaptive behavior is defined in terms of conceptual, social, and practical skills involving tasks performed by people in their everyday lives. Intellectual disability is subdivided into syndromic intellectual disability, in which intellectual deficits associated with other medical and behavioral signs and symptoms are present, and non-syndromic intellectual disability, in which intellectual deficits appear without other abnormalities.
Programs for Adults with Developmental and Intellectual Disabilities
Intellectual disability or ID is a term used when a person has certain limitations in cognitive functioning and skills, including communication, social and self-care skills. These limitations can cause a child to develop and learn more slowly or differently than a typically developing child. Intellectual disability can happen any time before a child turns 18 years old, even before birth. According to the American Association of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, an individual has intellectual disability if he or she meets three criteria:.
No one experiences intellectual disability the same way as someone else. Understanding the signs, symptoms and side effects of intellectual disability is a key component toward starting the recovery journey. Intellectual disability ID , previously known as mental retardation, is a condition in which the mental capabilities of an individual are limited. According to the American Psychiatric Association, the range of such deficits can vary from very specific learning limitations or executive functioning control to globalized impairments of social skills or intelligence levels. Intellectual disability typically manifests in the early stages of development, typically before a child enters grade school.